27 images Created 18 Nov 2014
The mangrove hummingbird (Amazilia boucardi) is an endangered species that can only be found in the mangrove forests along the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Habitat destruction is reducing and severely fragmenting the narrow range of this species, which is dependent on the nectar of the rare buttressed tea mangrove (Pelliciera rhizophora) that now only grows in a few areas in Central America. The construction of shrimp ponds, selective logging for charcoal and ever increasing coastal development are contributing to a steady decline in suitable habitat. The population of mangrove hummingbird was last estimated in 2008 at between 1,500 to 7,000 adult birds. Its extreme locality and specification to a narrow and declining habitat make it one of the most endangered bird species in the world.